The number of working-poor Latina women is more than double that of white women, at 13.58 percent, compared with 6.69 percent. According to a 2010 study, the median household wealth of single Latina women is $120, compared with single white women’s median household wealth of $41,500. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 32.2 percent of Latina women work in the service sector, compared with only 20 percent of white women, and service workers are almost 20 percent less likely to have either paid sick leave or retirement benefits. Latina women earn $549 per week, compared with white women’s median earnings of $718. Latina women make 55 cents to the dollar when compared to white, non-Hispanic males.
(The ACA does not help undocumented immigrants or legal immigrants with less than five years’ residence in the United States gain coverage). Hispanics have significant enrollment in many other top universities such as University of Texas at El Paso (70% of students), Florida International University (63%), University of Miami (27%), and MIT, UCLA, and UC-Berkeley at 15% each.
Another major English dialect, is spoken by Chicanos and Tejanos in the Southwestern United States, called Chicano English. George Lopez and Selena are examples of speakers of Chicano English. An English dialect spoken by Puerto Ricans and other Hispanic groups is called New York Latino English.
The Lenca sites of Yarumela, Los Naranjos in Honduras, and Quelepa in El Salvador, all contain evidence of the Usulután-style ceramics. The 1940 census was the first to include separate population and housing questionnaires. The race category of “Mexican” was eliminated in 1940, and the population of Mexican descent was counted with the white population. For the first and only time, “Mexican” was listed as a race. Enumerators were instructed that all people born in Mexico, or whose parents were born in Mexico, should be listed as Mexicans, and not under any other racial category.
In the Dominican Republic the population are largely made up of people with inter-mixed ancestries, in which there are even levels of African and European ancestry, with smaller numbers of Whites and Blacks as well. Hispanic or Latino origin is independent of race and is termed “ethnicity” by the United States Census Bureau. The overwhelmingly majority of Latinos descend from a mixture of Spanish and Native Americans, and depending on the regions within Latin America, a significant proportion also have high to moderate or low levels of colonial era Sub-Saharan African input.
The Spanish dialects spoken in the United States differ depending on the country of origin of the person or the person’s family heritage. However, generally, Spanish spoken in the Southwest http://poliled.com.br/what-everybody-should-be-aware-of-about-latin-women/ is Mexican Spanish . An old, colonial variety of Spanish is spoken by descendants of the early Spanish colonists in New Mexico and Colorado, which is New Mexican Spanish.
In the same year, Coca-Cola wanted Selena to become one of their spokespeople in Texas. Behar and Stephen Finfer asked EMI to begin Selena’s cross over album.
The word Latino is short for LatinoAmericano, which translates to Latin American. It was originally adopted in the US for the purpose of additional categorization of the population in the United States Census. It is important to note that Latino/a is an ethnic category, and one that encompasses various racial groups. Latinas are women of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central American, South American, or Spanish origin.
- The IWPR states that growing organizations are currently providing English tutors and access to education.
- The Institute for Women’s Policy Research explains the workings of organizations aimed to support the struggles of Latina immigrants.
- Programs like these include Casa Latina Programs, providing education on English, workers’ rights, and the consumer culture of America.
- In a recent article from the International Business Times, Latino immigrant students are falling behind in academic achievements and graduation rates compared to other students.
- As explained in Motivations of Immigration, many women come to the United States for a better education, among other factors.
Latina women experience unintended pregnancy at twice the rate experienced by white women. Latina women experienced higher rates of human papillomavirus, or HPV, than white women as of 2010 and twice the death rate from cervical cancer.
The music of Hispanic Americans — such as tejano music — has influences in rock, jazz, R&B, pop, and country music as well as traditional Mexican music such as Mariachi. In U.S. communities of immigrants from these countries it is common to hear these styles. Rock en Español, Latin hip-hop, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata, Cumbia and Reggaeton styles tend to appeal to the broader Hispanic population, and varieties of Cuban music are popular with many Hispanics of all backgrounds. According to census reports, of the above races the largest number of Hispanic or Latinos are of the White race, the second largest number come from the Native American/American Indian race who are the indigenous people of the Americas. The inhabitants of Easter Island are Pacific Islanders and since the island belongs to Chile they are theoretically Hispanic or Latino.
In comparison, white women make 78.1 cents to the same dollar. Latinas hold only 7.4 percent of the degrees earned by women, though they constituted 16 percent of the female population in 2012. Graduation rates for Latinas were at 31.3 percent in 2008, still significantly lower than graduation rates for white women, at 45.8 percent. The level of educational attainment for Latinas has risen in the past few years, yet it still sits at a level significantly lower than that of white women. Latinas have higher rates of lupus than non-Hispanic white women.
Fermín Tangüis was an agriculturist and scientist who developed the Tangüis Cotton in Peru and saved that nation’s cotton industry. Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, was a co-winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Dr. Sarah Stewart, a Mexican-American Microbiologist, is credited with the discovery of the Polyomavirus and successfully demonstrating that cancer causing viruses could be transmitted from animal to animal. Mexican-American psychiatrist Dr. Nora Volkow, whose brain imaging studies helped characterize the mechanisms of drug addiction, is the current director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Dr. Helen Rodríguez Trías, an early advocate for women’s reproductive rights, helped drive and draft U.S. federal sterilization guidelines in 1979. She was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Bill Clinton, and was the first Latina president of the American Public Health Association.
Because Hispanic roots are considered aligned with a European ancestry (Spain/Portugal), Hispanic ancestry is defined solely as an ethnic designation . A study done in 2009 shows that there is not a significant difference between the attitudes or preferences towards the terms among young (18–25) and older individuals. Among the overall Hispanic population, young Hispanic prefer to identify themselves with their family’s country of origin. Both groups prefer the term “American” versus “Latino/Hispanic”.